5 Deadliest Snakes Of The World
Snakes are highly effective predators, and some species that rely on venom for hunting and self-defence can deliver bites that are toxic enough to kill animals many times their size. The bite of a king cobra, for instance, can kill an elephant. Yet, despite the fear of snakes that has such a deep hold on the human psyche, the creatures aren’t out to get us. Experts say that Snakes don’t attack people without any reason. They are most often startled or put in a situation where they feel the need to defend themselves, and they do so by the only means they have available, that is escape, musk, bite. It just so happens that the means these snakes have is venom. What is the most venomous snake in the world?” That’s a question that just about every outdoors person has either asked or certainly wondered. Here is a list of the 5 most venomous snakes in the world.
5 Deadliest Snakes Of The World
- Timber Rattlesnake:
Ranging from eastern North America to as far west as Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas, the timber rattlesnake is the only rattler species in the populous northeastern United States and is considered endangered or threatened throughout much of that region. Found mostly in woodlands, timber rattlers prey on rodents, birds, insects, and amphibians and are known to hunt during daytime in spring and autumn, then switching to nocturnal hunts in warm weather. The snake’s highly toxic, and relatively complex, venom, long fangs, and high venom yield make it potentially one of America’s most lethal serpents. However, timber rattlers are generally considered shy and nervous and are quick to seek shelter when encountered afield. The species tends to rattle and feint extensively before striking, though it will stand its ground if harassed.
- Russell’s Viper:
A notoriously bad-tempered snake, the Russell’s viper is responsible for roughly half of the fatal snakebites in its geographic range. That’s remarkable considering that its expansive distribution—from southeast Asia to the Indian subcontinent and east to Taiwan—overlaps with kraits, cobras, and several other noteworthy venomous snakes. The snake’s cranky disposition and its focus on rats and lizards (which often flavoured to humans) as favoured prey might account for this lethality. Another contributing factor is the extreme complexity of the snake’s venom.
- Blue-Lipped Sea Krait:
Found near coral reefs and rocky areas along the seashores of southeast Asia, this vibrantly coloured 4-foot long serpent was the first venomous sea snake known to science, described by Linnaeus, the father of taxonomy, in his classic 1735 treatise, Systema Naturae. Blue-lipped kraits, docile and slow to bite, inject a venom dominated by postsynaptic neurotoxins that causes little or no local effects but can lead to paralysis, muscle damage, or bleeding within hours. The snakes are known for their unique strategy for keeping warm—by curling up in nesting burrows created by wedge-tailed shearwaters. Research shows the snakes use the body heat generated by shorebirds to raise their temperatures by 10 degrees.
- The King Cobra:
The King Cobra is the world’s largest venomous snake reaching 10 to 13ft in length. The Great Wall of venomous snakes can be found in South/Southeast Asia. The King Cobra can kill an elephant, an animal that weighs 1000 times its weight. How does it do this? Well, the King Cobra doesn’t have the most potent venom in the world, but it delivers the most in a single bite. The strange thing about the King Cobras is that its main diet is other snakes. However, it does not limit itself there, it will also eat lizards, birds, rodents and fish
- Black Mamba:
The Black Mamba is native to the rocky hills and savannahs of South and East Africa. This extremely venomous snake is not actually black. It ranges from grey to brown, but the inside of its mouth IS black which is where the name comes from. It is large, quick and extremely toxic. Its venom which is known for how it has killed most of its human victims is the reason the Black Mamba is one of the deadliest snakes in the world and one of the most feared.
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